The Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP) broke away from the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), another Marxist-Leninist group founded in 1967 by George Habash. The PFLP committed numerous international terrorist attacks during the 1970s. Since 1978, it has conducted attacks against Israeli or moderate Arab targets. With a membership of 800, the PFLP receives safehaven and some logistic assistance from Syria.
September also marks the anniversary of several noted political events and terrorist attacks.
On September 6, 1970, three planes from TWA, Swissair and BOAC carrying more than 400 hostages were hijacked and ordered to the Jordanian airport by the PFLP, in what is known as "Skyjack Sunday." Another terrorist team tried to hijack an El Al Boeing over London but security staff foiled the attempt and captured one of the hijackers, Leila Khalid, alive. The German, Swiss and British Governments all agreed to the PFLP's demands and released a number of terrorists, including Khalid, held in their jails.
On September 28, 2000, the eve of Rosh Hashanah (the Jewish New Year), Ariel Sharon, then leader of the opposition right-wing Likud party, visited the Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem. Sharon, accompanied by an entourage of security officers, claimed he was exercising his right to visit the Mount, but his visit angered many Arabs, both Israeli and Palestinian. The day after the visit saw the beginning of what is known as the Al-Aqsa Intifada.