"And interestingly enough it was exactly this kind of thing that brought about the rise of communist ideology in the early 20th century. Seeing the way workers were mercilessly exploited by their masters during the heyday of the industrial age was what led Marx to conclude that the only solution was the dictatorship of the proletariate. Might seem a bit of an anachronism nowadays, but it helps if you see it in its historical context."
Exploited? Masters? Then why didn't the workers start their own businesses and hire their own employees if they didn't like the jobs? Someone created the company that the "exploited" individuals worked for. If they didn't like the pay, they were free to start their own business and earn more money; an individual has no right to demand a certain standard of living from another individual, such standard of living must be *earned*.
The labor from that time period of initial industrialization was harsh because it was an early and primitive stage of industrialization; however it (the work) was no more difficult than the agrarian work that existed previously. It was industrialization that dramatically lowered the rate of mortality, such results were present even during the early years of industrialization.
The so called exploitation that occurred, was apparently preferred to what was occurring in Europe: immigrants fled Europe like it was a sinking ship, and it turns out that at the time it was.
If force was used to exploit workers, it was the job of the government to stop such; it has nothing to do with capitalism (it would be like blaming robbery or some other force-based crime on capitalism - capitalism does not absolutely prevent force, it does help to guard against it by declaring the government's job to be the protection of individual rights, the banishment of the initiation of force).
This comment was edited on Sep 8, 00:59.