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Real Name SMA   
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Nickname Scottish Martial Arts
Email Concealed by request
ICQ None given.
Description
Homepage http://
Signed On Jun 16, 2002, 23:16
Total Comments 3180 (Veteran)
User ID 13410
 
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News Comments > Saturday Tech Bits
7. Re: Saturday Tech Bits Oct 15, 2017, 17:27 Scottish Martial Arts
 
jdreyer wrote on Oct 15, 2017, 14:56:
My experience with MS has revealed it to be the case. Former H1-Bs applied to positions at my company and I was part of the hiring team. We've also worked with MS tech workers on projects, many of whom were H1-B holders. And we've been told MS has hundreds and hundreds of H1-Bs working for them.

However, I don't know about Google and Apple specifically. So maybe they're different. Just a couple of questions:

1. Can everyone at Apple and Google be superstars? Don't they need a certain number of mid-level grunts to do the tedious work?

2. Given that both Apple and Google colluded to reduce salaries, why wouldn't they use H1-B status of even excellent engineers to push salaries down? Or is your contention that the very best can name their price regardless of immigration status?

It wouldn't surprise me if Microsoft has hundreds of H1-Bs working for them, but it would surprise me if they specifically hire H1-Bs over citizens/permanent residents simply to pay them less than. My experience working in one of these companies suggests H1-Bs are treated just as a means to get work authorization for foreign engineers who do not have a green card, for example a recent graduate who went to an American university and was hired out of school, but whose temporary student work authorization is set to expire. The sort of scenario that is typically conjured by mentioning H1-Bs, i.e. a department getting laid off and replaced with barely competent Indian contractors from an outsourcing firm, simply doesn't exist, or if it does, it is extremely well hidden.

1. Not everyone at Google or Apple is a super star, but everyone is a top performer for where they are in their career. A mid-level or senior engineer will surely out perform a new grad, but compared to other new computer science/engineering graduates in their cohort, the Apple or Google hire will be a far stronger performer than the, for example, Equifax hire.

2. They colluded to prevent poaching of talent. I don't mean to defend what they did, but coming to an (illegal) agreement to prevent key engineers from being headhunted to another firm is distinct from agreeing to suppress salaries. The effect on individual engineers largely manifests in lost opportunities to jump around for pay raises, but the emails that were revealed in court made it explicit that Jobs, Schmidt, Zuckerberg, Whitman, et al. were agreeing not to poach, headhunt, or otherwise hire away their engineering talent. Don't get me wrong, I in no way think these companies are altruistic, but I do think their incentives, as I understand them, lead them to prize engineering talent and to either compete strongly to secure it -- as in the case of offering generous salaries -- or in this case to engage in anticompetitive behavior to secure it.

At any rate, my contention is that these companies view engineering as the source of profitability, and not as an operating cost to be minimized by any means necessary. Likewise, they have the name brand value, generous salary, perks, and prestige to ensure that they have an essentially infinite candidate pool. Accordingly, they have very tough hiring standards that filter out the vast majority of candidates but retain those that will be most productive, which in turn means that in order to meet hiring targets they recruit globally and continuously. Consequently, they view immigration status not as something to exploit to reduce costs, but as an obstacle to be worked around for engineers who have made it through the hiring gauntlet. For some that will mean getting an H1-B or winning the green card lottery; for others it will mean transferring to an office in a country where they have work authorization. But as far as I can tell, it does not mean hiring foreigners to undercut domestic salaries.
 
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News Comments > Saturday Tech Bits
5. Re: Saturday Tech Bits Oct 15, 2017, 09:22 Scottish Martial Arts
 
jdreyer wrote on Oct 14, 2017, 16:51:
Or be allowed to hire H1-Bs out the ass at half salary.

I strongly doubt either Apple or Google do that. They surely both hire H1-Bs but not at half salary. Unlike Disney, or Bell Edison, or any of the other myriad companies that have famously axed their technical staff in favor of H1-B-based outsourcing firms, both Apple and Google view engineering as major profit centers, not cost centers. Likewise, both companies have an essentially infinite talent pool to draw on -- every software engineer on the planet would like to work there -- and the more they invest in engineering the more money they earn. In other words, their incentive structure is to find the best engineers on the planet, and then pay them lavishly to get them to join and to stay and to make the company money. Anecdotally, two of the engineers on my team have Chinese passports, and while I don't know their immigration status (H1-B vs. greencard) I can say for certain that they both make substantially more money than I do.
 
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News Comments > Saturday Metaverse
10. Re: Morning Mobilization Oct 1, 2017, 11:35 Scottish Martial Arts
 
Mr. Tact wrote on Oct 1, 2017, 07:38:
jdreyer wrote on Oct 1, 2017, 00:54:
I've come around on this. When Dems take over congress in 2018,
What in the world makes you think that's going to happen? Last time I looked at the polling, the chances of that happening were slim to none.

The generic ballot ("Would you rather vote for a Democrat or a Republican for the next Congress?") have pretty consistently showed a substantial lead for the Democrats for months now. FiveThirtyEight's polling aggregation of the generic ballot is currently showing an 8 point lead, which is consistent with generic ballot leads in the past two wave elections, e.g. the Republican takeover in 2010 and the Democratic takeover in 2006. All that said, the generic ballot is an imperfect measure and a lot can happen in 13 months, so Democrats and anti-Trump Independents and Republicans shouldn't get their hopes up or speak in certainties, particularly with regards to the Senate where Democrats are defending about three times as many seats as the Republicans are this cycle. Still, there's evidence to support an expectation of Democratic gains in 2018, potentially very large ones.
 
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News Comments > Morning Tech Bits
15. Re: Morning Mobilization Sep 28, 2017, 19:36 Scottish Martial Arts
 
DrSquick wrote on Sep 28, 2017, 16:39:
Can GPUs replace CPUs? My limited understanding was that GPUs were highly specific and could only do a few things but ultra fast and the equivalent of thousands of threads at once, whereas CPUs were more all-purpose.

Yeah that's basically correct. The headline doesn't really capture what the article says to be honest: Huang seems to be suggesting that GPUs will become far more prevalent in the machine learning and cloud computing spaces, which is definitely an in progress trend. Deep Learning in particular is particularly amenable to GPU acceleration, as Deep Learning models are essentially large computational graphs with many layers of computational nodes which can be run in parallel as the input traverses the graph. In fact, a new class of hardware, TPUs or Tensor Processing Units, are increasingly being added to data centers, and a TPU is essentially a GPU that's been optimized for processing tensors, i.e. vectors or matrices of arbitrary dimensionality, which is typically the means by which a Deep Learning computational graph is implemented for processing.
 
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News Comments > Saturday Mobilization
7. Re: Morning Mobilization Sep 23, 2017, 18:19 Scottish Martial Arts
 
WaltC wrote on Sep 23, 2017, 11:55:
For most Mac users, booting up is a "complex" endeavor...;)

Maybe, but there's a not insignificant subset of Mac users for whom a complex endeavor consists of writing a feature extractor that computes the cosine similarity of the vector space of WiFi MAC address/normalized RSSI tuples for use in a reinforcement learning ML model to infer optimal reporting rates in another module. That subset of Mac users are called software engineers, and they use a Mac because they need a Unix/Linux system in order to be able to do the aforementioned complex endeavor, and underneath the glossy exterior, MacOS is a standards compliant Unix system.
 
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News Comments > Out of the Blue
10. Re: Morning Mobilization Sep 19, 2017, 18:16 Scottish Martial Arts
 
Yarr, it's Talk Like a Pirate Day!

At work today, one of our command-line utilities for working with our internal distributed file system had its usually progress bar replaced with one that filled in with "Yaaarrr!". It was glorious. I'm glad engineer hours get spent on the little details that make life worth living.
 
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News Comments > Morning Mobilization
13. Re: Morning Mobilization Sep 13, 2017, 16:39 Scottish Martial Arts
 
Verno wrote on Sep 13, 2017, 16:04:
TouchID is fast and efficient. What is the big improvement over that system?

Same thing with the removal of the home button, whether software or hardware.

I believe the rationale in both cases is to free up space on the front of the phone for an edge to edge screen. If I remember correctly, they were working on some sort of TouchID sensor embedded in the screen itself, but couldn't get it working well enough in time for launch, and as a result they fell back on face sensing as a compromise.
 
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News Comments > Morning Tech Bits
10. Re: Morning Mobilization Sep 8, 2017, 17:35 Scottish Martial Arts
 
The Half Elf wrote on Sep 8, 2017, 11:10:
why would this tech even exist?

Another reason is that it's a problem/question that is almost ideally suited to machine learning. Machine learning is generally pretty good at classification problems based upon visual input. If you're a researcher experimenting with a new deep learning model, you'd want to choose a problem that you think you have a reasonable chance of actually being able to train the model to solve. And if that problem has some semi-interesting social/human implications -- i.e. that there are some facial signifiers of sexuality that are mostly invisible to humans but perceptible to a statistical model -- then all the better. It did after all get the researchers some mainstream press coverage.
 
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News Comments > Saturday Mobilization
11. Re: Morning Mobilization Sep 3, 2017, 10:54 Scottish Martial Arts
 
eRe4s3r wrote on Sep 2, 2017, 23:18:
Although I guess this limits what you can or should do with your phone, especially when it starts to call the cops on you for a suspected "criminal habit" o.O Or refuses to call the ambulance when you injure yourself in an illegal act...

That sort of emergent behavior isn't possible with present AI techniques. When articles written for laymen discuss "researchers being surprised at the resulting behavior" or "engineers not knowing which action the AI will take", they end up leaving the impression that your typical AI agent can take any action. In fact, an agent can only take an action within the output range of the problem being solved, an output range that has been defined by the engineers that designed the agent. Within that output range, you, as the engineer, don't know what action the agent will take: sometimes it will come as a complete surprise, prompting you to double check that, yes, everything is in fact working, and other times it will be basically what you expected. But the agent cannot define its own output range, or define the problem its meant to solve, or define the input features it makes decisions about, etc.; that's all decided by the engineers who settled on using an AI to solve whatever problem they're working on.
 
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News Comments > Saturday Mobilization
9. Re: Morning Mobilization Sep 3, 2017, 07:29 Scottish Martial Arts
 
Quboid wrote on Sep 2, 2017, 22:12:
Do companies typically actually want this, rather than grabbing as much data as they can?

As with all things, it depends. With some applications, they genuinely do need the data on their servers in order for the application to work and to be able to assess and improve it; with others however, it's merely been the case that up until now the most practical way to process the data is on a distributed server infrastructure. In that latter case, there is a lot of incentive to figure out a way to shift data processing to the user device and obviate the need -- and the associated costs -- to collect, store it, and process it on their own computing infrastructure.
 
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News Comments > Saturday Mobilization
3. Re: Morning Mobilization Sep 2, 2017, 19:15 Scottish Martial Arts
 
RedEye9 wrote on Sep 2, 2017, 15:14:
It's no longer spying on you, your habits and what you do if it's in your hand.

To a certain extent it's not: if all the data used to train the AI agent never leaves the phone, and the AI agent (whether it be a recommender or a face recognizer or whatever) is trained on the phone with that data, then the company in question knows no more about you than before you owned the device.

Machine learning on device is a big push right now for exactly this reason: if the ML model can be trained on device, then no sensitive data needs to be sent to, stored, and processed on third party servers. This saves companies money and limits the amount of sensitive data they have to handle, and potentially be liable for. The challenge heretofore has been that the limited computational resources on phones have severely limited the kind and quality of on-device training you can do, but that will probably change substantially in the next 4 or 5 years as both hardware and ML algorithms and ML engineering techniques improve.
 
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News Comments > Computers Are Good at Computer Games: AI Wins Dota 2 1-on-1
4. Re: Computers Are Good at Computer Games: AI Wins Dota 2 1-on-1 Aug 12, 2017, 13:45 Scottish Martial Arts
 
jacobvandy wrote on Aug 12, 2017, 13:12:
If it's "AI" and not just a bot that's been programmed to play, how can they have any control over or make any guarantees about the APM?

I'm presuming they're using some sort of Reinforcement Learning model, and in such a model they wouldn't be able to directly control the exact policy, i.e. game playing action, adopted by the agent, but they would be able to observe that their model, after training, converges on policies with APMs in a certain range. Indeed they seem to suggest as much when they say in release that "The correlation between player skill and actions-per-minute is not strong, and in fact, our AIís actions-per-minute are comparable to that of an average human player." In other words, it's likely that past a certain point, increasing APM doesn't further minimize the cost function/maximize the benefit function (depending on the model) that pertains to playing the game well, and accordingly the model "learns" to not take more actions than is typical of an average player.

 
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News Comments > Out of the Blue
26. Re: Morning Mobilization Aug 11, 2017, 18:00 Scottish Martial Arts
 
jdreyer wrote on Aug 11, 2017, 16:41:
Thing is, DPRK can nuke Guam or Hawaii, and we'll be unable to reciprocate due to the proximity of China and South Korea.

We'd pretty much have to respond in kind to maintain nuclear deterrence. I also have trouble imagining a scenario in which the DPRK launches nukes at US soil but isn't also engaged in a final, cataclysmic battle with South Korea. As for China, they're dropping hints in state run media that they will only consider intervening on the North's behalf if the US launches a first strike.

Honestly, if anyone but Trump were president of the US, then there'd be nothing to particularly worry about with regard to the present developments in NK. If Trump were to stop mouthing off and escalating the situation with fewer face-saving outs for NK, then this would be just another one of the "walking up to the crazy line" scenarios you mentioned. But with Trump being the loose cannon he is, it feels like there is now a chance, however small, that this escalates to the point that it spins out of control and into a military conflict that goes nuclear.
 
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News Comments > Out of the Blue
21. Re: Morning Mobilization Jul 31, 2017, 17:43 Scottish Martial Arts
 
ItBurn wrote on Jul 31, 2017, 11:51:
His last truly great movie was Saving Private Ryan in my opinion. That was in 98! All his others are generally "meh" for me.

Lincoln, Bridge of Spies, and Minority Report were all excellent films. Looking at his imdb credits, he's directed some clunkers post-Saving Private Ryan, but then his pre-Saving Private Ryan track record is mixed as well. If anything all the stages of his career seems to be a consistent mix of a few great films, mostly crowd pleasing good films, and a few terrible misses.
 
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News Comments > More Free Games with GOG Preorders
7. Re: Morning Mobilization Jul 30, 2017, 06:56 Scottish Martial Arts
 
Ludomancer wrote on Jul 29, 2017, 18:49:
"...reworked by GOG-engineers for smoother gameplay on modern machines..."

GOG Engineers? Why do people who write such idiocy think they deserve me as a customer?


Would "software engineers employed by GOG" have been preferable?
 
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News Comments > Splash Damage and Wargaming Collaboration
9. Re: Morning Mobilization Jul 18, 2017, 20:48 Scottish Martial Arts
 
OldDirtyEwok wrote on Jul 18, 2017, 11:50:
Dirty bomb is far from bad, although not exactly the game you would expect from the stuio that made Wolfenstein: Enemy Territory and Quake Wars. Still waiting on a sequel for those 2.



Would kill for another Enemy Territory game. Honestly, I think those are probably my two favorite multiplayer shooters ever.
 
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News Comments > Morning Safety Dance
8. Re: Morning Mobilization Jul 6, 2017, 20:30 Scottish Martial Arts
 
Mr. Tact wrote on Jul 6, 2017, 18:24:
First, currently there is no information available publicly which would lead to an impeachment and then removal from office of Trump. It is not even close.

Not so long as Republicans hold the House, sure, but if the Dems retake it in 2018 (admittedly a big if), and Trump's approval rating is still in the high 30s or worse, then invoking articles of impeachment is almost certain. That doesn't guarantee removal from office -- still need the supermajority in the Senate for that -- but the key thing to remember is that impeachment is a political, not a legal, procedure. The Constitution is intentionally vague about the grounds for impeachment and leaves it entirely up to the House and Senate to decide what "High Crimes and Misdemeanors" might be. The Congress doesn't have to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the President has committed a crime; they just need to muster the votes to invoke articles of impeachment and then remove him from office, and, ideally, persuade the country that their decision to remove the President from office is justified. But when polling released today is already showing that 55% of the country thinks Trump behaved illegally or unethically with regards to Russian interference in the election, it will not take much for a potential Democratic Congress to persuade the country that it's time for Trump to take his Twitter grudges and go back home to his gilded penthouse.
 
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News Comments > Morning Legal Briefs
44. Re: Morning Mobilization Jun 30, 2017, 18:33 Scottish Martial Arts
 
Prez wrote on Jun 30, 2017, 13:35:
Arguments about ethical treatment of handicapped people aside, when you think about it, virtually every car on the road is wheelchair accessible in the sense that you can place the person in your passenger seat and fold the wheelchair down and put it your trunk. Obviously wouldn't work for every handicapped person but it's been done by Uber drivers before.

Very few wheelchairs designed for daily continual use fold up like that. Likewise, many people who use a wheelchair have difficulty sitting up on their own without external assistance.
 
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News Comments > StarCraft Remastered on August 14; Price Revealed
19. Re: Morning Mobilization Jun 30, 2017, 18:31 Scottish Martial Arts
 
VaranDragon wrote on Jun 30, 2017, 17:52:
Waiting for screenshots and gameplay videos. As should everyone.

I guess clicking on the links for this article is too hard?
 
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News Comments > Morning Legal Briefs
30. Re: Morning Legal Briefs Jun 29, 2017, 20:52 Scottish Martial Arts
 
NKD wrote on Jun 29, 2017, 20:38:
RedEye9 wrote on Jun 29, 2017, 20:22:

That's a whole lotta angry white boy syndrome right there.
I wish everything revolved around my failed life experiences.

I see Cutter is a small-business-masturbating Libertarian today. I wonder if he'll be back to hardcore Communist tomorrow.

Cutter is Libertarian when he feels put upon by those below him and Communist when he feels taken advantage of by those above him, with the only consistent principle being what's best for Cutter at that moment. Plus, everyone is a flimsy snowflake, except for Cutter, who only has legitimate grievances. Which he spends his days airing on Bluesnews. Constantly. Decade after decade.

And as to his earlier question about wheelchair accessible Taxis, I didn't see them much in LA, but I see them all the time in NYC. Rough guess, but on the order of 1 in 6 seem to be wheelchair accessible.
 
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